Laser treatment of cutaneous vascular lesions has progressed significantly over the past 25 years. Based on the pioneering work of Anderson and Parrish in the early 1980s, several vascular-specific laser systems have been developed using principles of selective photothermolysis.
Broken blood vessels are visible enlarged blood vessels that appear on the face and other parts of the body. They are fine, red veins that are commonly located on the nose, chin, or cheeks. These vessels usually appear as a result of aging, pregnancy, childbirth, birth control pills, estrogen replacement therapy, sun damage, and Rosacea. Laser treatment is the most effective treatment for broken blood vessels. The visible blood vessels are removed by light absorbed by the blood that destroys the vessel. After some time, the vessel disappears restoring the skin's natural appearance. Lasers allow for quick treatment of broken blood vessels without damaging the surrounding skin.
Vascular lesions may be acquired or arise directly after birth. Vascular lesions that arise after birth are birth marks. Birth marks and other vascular lesions are the effect of an alteration in size and form of multiple blood vessels. While vascular lesions are displeasing in appearance, they have no effect on normal bodily function. They become problematic because they grow in proportion to total body growth. Some physicians treat vascular lesions to prevent spreading, or to make them less noticeable. Other physicians chose not to treat the lesions unless they cause functional problems.
Topical anesthesia (EMLA cream) may be applied to the skin prior to laser treatment for maximum comfort. Lasers are safe, producing gradual results. Large veins may require multiple treatments for improvement, not full repair. Small veins require one or two treatments for repair. Laser treatment has very few side effects. Temporary discoloration of the affected skin may result from treatments. This discoloration can last anywhere from 5-14 days depending on the location, and size of the vessel being treated. Blistering, crusting, or redness of the skin may also occur but clear within a few days. The use of sunscreen on the treated area is recommended for optimum results.
Prior to the treatment a full medical record will be taken so as to proceed in the safest and most professional way. Any conditions that predispose the patient to blood vessel rupture or relapse will be properly addressed. The whole procedure will be carried out by properly trained physicians.